¿Cuáles son las características epidemiológicas y la evaluación pos quirúrgica de los pacientes con cataratas intervenidos en un centro oftalmológico de Medellín? : Proyecto de Grado
Velásquez Henao, Mariarosa
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This Graduation Project was carried out in the field of ophthalmology in order to determine the epidemiological characteristics and post-surgical evaluation of patients with cataracts operated in an ophthalmological center in Medellin. Cataracts can be congenital or acquired, mainly affect women with an average age of 70 years and it is related to systemic diseases such as hypertension, diabetes mellitus, steroid consumption, among others, or trauma. After surgery (Phacoemulsification) visual changes improve significantly and this affects people's quality of life. The methodology used was a descriptive retrospective study about the characteristics of patients operated by phacoemulsification at an ophthalmologic center in Medellín between 2018 and 2019 with an average age of 71, describing changes in visual acuity, color and pain perception, and their incidence on quality of life. It can be concluded that the cataract surgery is a procedure that can be performed at any age, with a rapid recovery and a high impact on quality of life represented by improvement in visual acuity and color perception, and with very low sensation of postoperative pain, making it a cost-effective surgery with low morbidity, reproducible and social impacting.