¿De qué manera la contaminación ambiental en El Valle de Aburrá incide en el desarrollo del Alzheimer? : Proyecto de Grado

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Medellín: Marymount School Medellín
Alzheimer's disease is defined as a progressive neurological disorder that causes the deterioration and the death of neurons. Additionally, it is known to be the most common type of dementia in the elderly population, representing approximately 60% of the individuals affected (Romano, Nissen, Paredes, & Parquet, 2007). Such neurodegenerative disease has become a highly relevant problem as, for the senior community in both developed and developing countries, it is one of the leading causes of fatality. Based on various studies conducted in the last decade, the drastic increase in the levels of contamination is evident, along with the number of individuals diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease in the Aburrá Valley. Due to the previous knowledge, doubts concerning the so mentioned pattern arise, as well as the possible connections between both aspects. Therefore, the present research project aims to display multiple features of the air pollution in the Aburrá Valley, besides exposing the most pertinent theoretical knowledge on the functioning of the brain when affected with the specified disease and its relationship with such type of contamination as a cause. Consequently, it is attempted to determine the primary pollutants, their classification, and their possible impact on neurodegeneration.
Alzheimer, Valle de Aburrá, Cerebro, Contaminación Ambiental, Deterioro cognitivo, Neurodegeneración